Talents is equally distributed but opportunities are not. Everyone should get equal opportunities in life no matter the place they are born.
The wage gaps between the developing and developed countries is much larger today than a hundred years ago – often as high as 10 to 1. These disparities in wealth and opportunity compel millions to migrate. Conflicts continue to drive millions others from their home. Over 200 million people are estimated to live outside their country of birth worldwide (United Nations, 2015), a number that has nearly tripled over the last 45 years. Within their own countries, millions are migrating to cities and compelled to live in slums because rural areas are saturated and don’t provide employment opportunities.
Such disparities lead to social issues and tensions between groups. It leads to events such as the Arab Spring, the Brexit in the UK or the election of donald Trump in the US, the success of extreme right-wing parties, racism etc.
To add up to their misery, migrants are seen as threats to political stability and to economic well-being in host countries.
Being given no job opportunites, many end up creating their own jobs. In the UK for example, migrant entrepreneurs are creating 1 in every 7 new businesses. In Germany, nearly half of all new business registrations are coming from individuals with foreign passports.
Even tough, rich countries don’t seem to recognize that migrants could contribute their skills and talents to the economic growth. Migrants are most often seen as a burden instead of a resource.
Hiring / Impact Sourcing
Offer jobs to underprivileged populations in cities and create employment in villages in developing countries.
- Goodwill Industries (Fashion, 312,000 impoverished each year in 16 countries, network of thrift shops)
- Samasource (IT, 37,141 persons since 2008, microwork)
- RuralShores (IT, 2,500 persons in India, microwork)
- Andela (IT, 500 talents from Africa in march 2017)
- The Social Outfit (Fashion, 480 migrants and refugees)
- Kreyol Essence (Skincare products, 350 farmers)
- Udruzene (Handicrafts products, 150-200 knitters affected by war)
- Magdas Hotel (Hotel, 20 refugees)
- Mazi Mas (F&B, 9 migrants and refugees, catering services)
- Eat Offbeat (F&B, 13 refugee chefs, catering services)
- Meet My Mama (F&B, refugees, catering services)
Services for Business Owners
Provide equipment, mentoring or other services such as insurance, to help the underprivileged start their own business.
- Common Service Centers (270,000 centers in India providing several services such as agricultural or financial)
- Mrittika (software for farmers, 19,000 farmers in India, 1,700 in Cambodia)
- Tugende (bike leasing at affordable rate, life insurance, safety tranings for 7,000 drivers).
- Golden Bees (supply of bee equipment, training and consultancy, packing and processing for 2,128 smallholder beekeepers)
- Catalysr (mentoring for migrants to start their own business in Sydney, 40 migrants since 2015)
Job Platforms / Gig Economy
Platforms connecting independant workers from any background for short term or longer term engagement, with clients.
- Upwork (freelancers, 14 million users)
- Task Rabbit (60,000 taskers – cleaning, moving delivery, handymark work)
- LiveOps (20,000 call center agents)
- We Are Caring (554 Filipino family helpers)
- Chatterbox (migrant language teachers, 100 users)
- HARA (data qualifiers, 340 field agents so far)
- GO-Jek (1 million+ drivers and other jobs created, inclusive of desabled, Indonesia)
Grameen Bank provides loans to the poorest of the poor in rural Bangladesh, with no requirement for collaterals and no interest. 97% of shares of Grameen Bank are owned by the borrowers themselves.
The main incentives for people to repay the loans are that groups of villagers borrow together and act as co-guarantors, and a recipient who repays her loan qualifies for another, larger one.
Samasource provides hands-on services to digital companies to enrich and label their large datasets. Being data-driven is key for a digital business to succeed today. Samasource is a non-profit, the entirety of revenues generated are reinvested to scale the impact.
Samasource uses a proprietary technology platform, the SamaHub, that breaks down large-scale digital projects from clients into smaller tasks for workers in developing countries or refugees to contribute. This is called microwork. These workers are trained in basic computer skills for a few weeks at delivery centers with which Samasource partners, and paid a local living wage for their labor.read more
CSC are physical facilities for delivering Government e-Services to rural and remote locations where availability of computers and Internet is negligible or mostly absent. Services provided are essential public utility services, social welfare schemes, healthcare, financial, education and agriculture services. For example, they can book railway tickets online or pay their electricity bill online through these facilities. Some facilities also provide banking services, and training to make rural people digitally literate.read more